Main portal of the machine hall after restoration

Building with pit frame

Old production shed with round gate before restoration

Art nouveau portal of machine hall after restoration

Machine hall after restoration

Hoist from 1902

Zeche Zollern

Grubenweg 5, 44388 Dortmund

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listed building

1898 / 2016 (Sanierung)

Art Nouveau

Architekt Paul Knobbe
SchürmannSpannel AG
Architekt Bruno Möhring
Architekt Jens Daube | planinghaus architekten bda

Landschaftsverband Westfalen- Lippe
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Zeche Zollern

Zeche Zollern, when opened in 1898, was deemed the model pit of Gelsenkirchener Bergwerks AG. With a lordly architecture and state-of-the-art technology, it documents the transition from historism to art nouveau, finding expression in the marble switchboards and in the machine hall’s portal.

Listed since 1969, the pit is now part of the Westfälisches Industriemuseum of the Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe.
Permanent and temporary exhibitions in the restored surface installations to adults and children alike convey an impression of how a pit at the turn of the century did actually work. In the miners’ village outside the pit, visitors also get to know how miners’ families lived.

In 1898, the first spadework was done; regular coal extraction started in 1902. The pit got an electrical hoist and soon after was the first fully electrified pit in the Ruhr area.
Zollern II/IV remained undamaged during WWII, and in the course of German reconstruction another expansion and modernisation was due.
After the central pit Germania had been finished in 1954, extraction here was shut down in 1955. However, the man-riding and coursing surface installations were kept on stream until the final shutdown in 1966.

In the last minute before demolition, the machine hall was one of the first industrial structures in Germany to be listed – a real reconsideration in terms of how to deal with the historical industrial legacy had set in.
In 1981, Zollern II/IV became the site of the Westfälisches Industriemuseum. In order to create a most authentic ensemble, in Herne and Gelsenkirchen two pit frames of the same type were dismantled and re-erected to replace the already demolished Zollern II/IV pit frames.

The machine hall is a striking example of last century’s technical and aesthetic accomplishments. The museum lets the everyday life of miners come to life again. The latest extensive restauration of the machine hall was finished in 2016. Due to the massive damages of the windows and the steel lattice formwork, restoration became necessary. After the restoration the machine hall will be used as a venue for events and exhibitions. Therefore sanitary facilities and elevators were installed.
There are also many events, exhibitions and artistic elements to be found here in the former pit Zollern II/IV.

Author: Route Industriekultur/ Redaktion baukunst-nrw
Last changed on 17.09.2007

 

Categories:
Engineering » Energy
Architecture » Commercial Buildings » Industrial

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